Kentucky Virtual Library know this and put together an interactive map of the research process for students. The map, titled How To Do Research, walks students through the research process from start to finish with every step along the way. One of the things about this map that school librarians will like is that it is not focused solely on web research. How To Do Research includes a good section about using library catalogs, books, and magazines.
Applications for Education
The Kentucky Virtual Library's How To Do Research could be a good resource for elementary school or middle school students to have bookmarked as a guide through their research projects. Not every step along the way is explained in depth so you will have to help students actually perform some of the tasks along the way.
H/T to Russel Tarr.