Thursday, July 5, 2012

An Energized Classroom through Interactive Structures

This week I am away on an offline vacation. Rather than let the blog be dormant or rerunning old posts I decided to give some other people a chance to share their experiences and ideas with you. I hope you enjoy the posts.

Surely any passionate educator would say the teaching practice is one of trial and error, success and failure.  I am no different. Whatever hasn’t worked in our classroom, the students and I have simply altered, enhanced, or sometimes completely overhauled.  Quitting is not an option.  We collectively supply the energy needed to create a collaborative and engaging atmosphere of shared knowledge.  To allude to a favorite baseball great, we “Pete Rose” any challenges in our AP Language or American Literature classes by diving in headfirst and supplying a zest for learning that is clearly palpable in our classroom.  The great Ralph Waldo Emerson, who once stated “The world belongs to the energetic,” would surely agree.  In essence, our students transcend selfishness, boredom, narrow-mindedness, and unoriginality by embracing an academic setting that demands participation. 

           Even with the success of our project-based assignments and some traditional teaching methods, the most tested and highly effective solution for creating this active environment is our implementation of learning structures.  The students and I totally create them ourselves.  With names like “Stage Fright,” “Recording Artists,” “Force Field,” and “Six-Shooter Firing Squad,” these organized but spontaneous designs have been the foundation of our success in Studio 113, an interactive Language Arts classroom that houses a basic recording studio, a hexagonal, raised stage, green screens, a smartboard, and a secondary room for digital production. 
           One of our top ten structures is one verbosely named “Flip Forum, Unaware Speaker, and Silent Discussion.” At first, it may not appear overly exciting, but the students’ feedback reveals a clearer vision. Actually a conglomeration of three mini-structures, the design is highly effective.  First off, the students are placed in one of four teams that will eventually rotate through four structured areas.  Stations A & B, circled around our stage in the middle of the room, constitute the “Flip Forum” discussion, where students analyze and discuss the assigned literature by sharing their original ideas, flipping over their assigned numbers located in front of them on stage, and then calling on classmates to continue the thread.  A continual backchannel via Polleverywhere is viewable on a drop-down screen, and students are also encouraged to enlarge the discussion audience by using Apple’s Facetime or by simply switching to “speaker” on their cell phones.  There is nothing quite like having a student’s mother offer her opinion in real time.  Obviously, I remind the students a few days before to prepare any outside audience members with a tentative schedule for our “Flip Forum” discussion.  If communication on the assigned prompts needs to be extended, Voicethread is embedded on my webpage for afterschool continuation, or students can use Posterous to send in their video-recorded opinions to our class blog.  

           Station C, “Unaware Speaker,” invites the students to record a team member to speak to the assigned prompt while pretending to be oblivious to the symbolic and silent acting performed behind him.  One particular student, acting as the camera man, will frame the video with the acting appearing directly over the speaker’s shoulder.  Students can choose to share camera, speaking, and acting responsibilities in this station.  All videos may be later mashed-up into an original video in a style determined by the class after completing all rotations.  Ideas range from movie trailers to newscasts to music videos to any original and appropriate student proposals.   

           Finally, Station D is one that adds a bit of serenity to the bustling learning environment.  The “Silent Discussion” asks students to explore the prompt by contributing in a TodaysMeet chatroom or by using a Twitter hashtag.  Of course, I follow along on my iPad or laptop as I stroll through the stations and observe the students sharing knowledge in a variety of ways. 

           A few educators in my PLN question the effectiveness of the “Flip Forum, Unaware Speaker, and Silent Discussion” in their classrooms due to a perceived lack of technology.  That may very well be the case.  As I have witnessed so many times, students are eager to share tech gadgets, knowledge, and ideas to circumvent any problem caused by technology or the lack thereof.  However, no worries.  I have used this exact same structure with Post-It notes, dry-erase boards, rolls of bulletin board paper, rotational manila folders, etc.  Whether it’s old school or tech-integrated, the students are encouraged to express their original ideas.    

           But the next structure I want to share with you is way too simple, yet it’s extremely effective.  In fact, the “Wax Museum” structure comes with a warning.  Although no technology is required, the energy level in the class will skyrocket the moment the students understand the level of freedom allowed to create a motionless, symbolic “wax” statue that successfully addresses the assigned prompt.  Here’s how it goes.  1. Students are instructed to use any appropriate items in their possession and any within the classroom (or my storage closet of tech gadgets and props for that matter) 2. While focusing on the prompt at hand, students should plan a “wax” statue that will be held without movement for up to five minutes or more.  3. Students are given roughly 15-20 minutes to discuss and prepare the assignment.  4. Once all teams are ready, students are instructed to hold their positions quietly and as perfectly still as possible while I record their creations with a video camera.  5. Lastly, the students continue to hold their positions while one or more team members explain their rationale while only moving their lips.  Simply put…students love it.  
           Honestly, I am not sure if Mr. Emerson’s quotation stands true for our class.  After all, our energetic students in Studio 113 may not actually own the world after an invigorating class, but there is one certainty: I can guarantee you they will share their classroom of knowledge and creativity through engaging structures, project-based learning, and forward thinking.  That’s all I ask.  

John Hardison is a facilitator of learning in an interactive classroom called Studio 113 at East High School in Gainesville, GA where literature creatively comes to life on a stage with students as the stars. In the past 14 years at East Hall High School, Hardison has taught AP Language, American Literature, World Literature, and Applied Communications. Through original learning structures and a shared classroom concept, students are inspired to connect literature with their own talents and interests. Follow John on Twitter @JohnHardison1 and his class @Studio113_EHHS.  Hardison blogs monthly for and shares his interactive structures in workshops at local technology conferences.
Blogs from
The Structure Factory Blog
John Hardison’s Studio 113 Webpage

Create Smart Investors on the Virtual Stock Exchnage

This week I am away on an offline vacation. Rather than let the blog be dormant or rerunning old posts I decided to give some other people a chance to share their experiences and ideas with you. I hope you enjoy the posts. 

The Virtual Stock Exchange Game at MarketWatch offers a challenging interactive experience that is completely free and online. Users create a fictional portfolio of investments whose value goes up and down as it would in the real stock market. The players’ net worth is ranked on a scoreboard, adding a competitive element that makes it like financial fantasy football.

Despite the controversies currently surrounding Wall Street, there is plenty of value in teaching a stock market simulation. However, teachers and students should first understandings a few things. Investing success is not guaranteed, and thus assessments cannot be tied to the amount of fictional money students make or lose. The activity should also have a long time horizon – a month at least, a semester or year ideally – so students experience the market’s fluctuations. And of course, everyone must know the basics like what a stock is and how companies sell their stock to the public. An excellent collection of videos that explains these and many other concepts can be found at Investopedia.

Everyone who participates in the Virtual Stock Exchange needs to register with a valid email address. As the teacher setting up the game, I recommend giving players a relatively small amount of money like $10,000 and choosing the normal version of the game that does not allow certain aggressive financial maneuvers. This will minimize distractions and keep students focused on learning about their investments. There is also an option to keep the game private and password protected.

Once students join the game, they will be eager to begin! They may need some guidance to complete their first stock purchases, as all the world’s investment possibilities can be overwhelming. A good starting point is the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500, two indexes of large US corporations. Students will be familiar with many of them and their stocks tend to be less risky than smaller companies.

Once they acquire a few stocks, students can learn to investigate those companies in depth using Google Finance. They can compare a company to its competitors, see its recent mentions in the news, and look at detailed measurements about the stock (which they can learn to read from this video and this article).

As time and curriculum allows, there are plenty of opportunities to go deeper. Students can diversify their portfolios to include stocks from different industries and a balance of large and small companies. They can also learn about different types of investments like mutual funds and exchange traded funds (ETFs), which the Virtual Stock Exchange does include. A summative project is a possibility for students to reflect on their performance and share what they learned.

The Virtual Stock Exchange can be done as a curriculum unit, an exploratory, or an after school club. It offers a multitude of connections to math and social studies content; students crunch numbers and learn about companies that provide the goods and services they use every day. But above all they practice a process of informed decision making, as success requires background research and following current events. And of course, it’s fun! I play along with my students and learn new things every time.

Christopher Panna currently teaches economics and history at the International School of Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago. Next year he will begin a new post at the Walworth Barbour American International School in Israel. His previous articles are available on Instructify.

Using Go Animate in the Classroom

This week I am away on an offline vacation. Rather than let the blog be dormant or rerunning old posts I decided to give some other people a chance to share their experiences and ideas with you. I hope you enjoy the posts.

GoAnimate is a web-based video making program used to create short animated movies.  With a free account there are two options: a basic text-to-speech movie maker, and a more sophisticated program with features like character movement and scene changes.

There are school and educator discounts available for teachers interested in exploring the extra features that come with a paid account.  But while there are limitations to the basic text-to-speech video maker - no character movement, limited scene and voice choices, a 10 line maximum, and restricted ability to push the finished video to YouTube - I have found it an extremely fun and useful tool for the classroom.

Ideas for use:
As a librarian, I visit a lot of classes to give instruction sessions.  Sometimes students will see similar presentations in multiple classes during the the same semester.  The creation of a short introductory video adds a personal touch to presentations. Similarly, teachers can use GoAnimate to spark discussion over class policies or to make general announcements.

Short videos are a great way to make concepts memorable, and can easily be embedded into a PowerPoint or Prezi to break up lessons. The video above, which explains the difference between primary and secondary sources, is an example of using an animation to convey a particular idea.  A bonus of using videos in instruction is that students can view the video multiple times if needed for understanding.

Students can also make videos themselves. The basic video maker is easy enough to use that students at almost any level can create an animation immediately following a lesson to demonstrate comprehension. Alternatively, video creation can be part of a course project.

GoAnimate has proven to be a valuable - and fun - addition to the classroom!  Primary Gossip by emils on GoAnimate

Make a Movie

Erin Milanese is an adjunct instructor of Information Literacy at Harrison College and Librarian/Instructional Technology Support Specialist at Goshen College.  Follow Erin online at (Twitter: @tad_overdue). Her collection of GoAnimate videos can be viewed here